Exodus 21-22: Social Legislation
Laws for conduct between individuals
Ten Commandments, the Law, and the Altar
In today’s lesson, we come to social legislation. These laws form the basis of what are often referred to today as Judeo-Christian principles of law and social order.
This part of the Law was important to the Israelites at they departed Egypt. As slaves in Egypt they were not part of the educated, ruling class of Egyptian society. Now as a new, fledgling nation, they are in need of laws and a legal system. God will provide them with laws and a legal system made in heaven, laws to control human lusts and put an end to the worship of false gods.
In chapters 21 and 22 of Exodus, we see:
- Laws about master and servant relationships;
- Laws about personal injuries;
- Laws about property rights;
- Laws about crimes against humanity.
Yes, we do need laws and lawyers
In some ways these chapters are boring reading, similar to reading a lawbook. However, most of our laws today are based upon these precepts. I am glad that the Word of God says, “Thou shalt not kill.” It protects me and my family. I am happy the Bible says, “Thou shalt not steal.” It protects what little property I have. These and the other laws are basic to having order in a society.
Who Determines Right and Wrong in A Society?
There are those who raise the question today, “What is right and what is wrong?” Some say that what is right and wrong is relative. Dr. J. Vernon McGee relates a discussion on this topic that he was having with a college professor who claimed to be an atheist. The professor maintained that right and wrong are relative, that what he would think is right and what I would think is right could be poles apart. Then he asked Dr. McGee, “On what do you base your dogmatic conclusions?” Dr. McGee replied, “I base them on the Word of God.” He went on to tell him that his nature was just like the professor’s nature, and that he would like to give in in certain places, and would like to let the bars down here and there, but God has given us a standard to follow.
The interesting thing is that God’s standard has produced societies in which there has been a measure of law and justice. On the contrary, if relativism is pursued to its logical end, the result is a “society” where crime, warfare, and anarchy prevail, with “survival of the fittest” choosing winners and losers.
For more on this topic, CLICK HERE to listen to today’s lesson.
The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. – Psalm 19:7
…the soul that sinneth, it shall die. – Ezekiel 18:4
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. – Romans 3:19
What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? – Romans 6:1-2
For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh. – Romans 8:3
Get Plugged Into God’s Plan Today
If you are uncertain of your standing with God, then go to Him right now to start your eternal relationship with Him. His free gift of eternal life and sanctification in Christ is there for the asking. Once you have taken that first step of salvation, our study in Matthew will get you well on your way to a loving and lasting relationship with the Almighty God who is seeking your friendship. He will guide you into all the truth (John 16:13) and help you become and do all He has in store for you.
- CLICK HERE to listen to today’s lesson, Exodus 21-22: Social Legislation.
- CLICK HERE for an overview of the Book of Exodus.
- For more about the Egyptian gods, CLICK HERE to access Ancient Egypt Online.
- CLICK HERE to open or download notes and the outline for the Book of Exodus.
- CLICK HERE for more about putting your faith in Jesus Christ for your eternal salvation.
- CLICK HERE to access the complete listing of Bible Studies in the Book of Exodus.